The Reality of Diabetes
What You Really Need To Know
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes often develop slowly and can be subtle. And many people with the disease have no symptoms. That's why it's important to know your risk factors for the disease. It's also why your doctor may test your for it if you're at risk, even if you don't have symptoms.
The earlier type 2 diabetes is diagnosed and treated, the better the chances of avoiding serious health problems.
What is it and who is at risk?
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. It usually starts when the body has trouble using insulin, a hormone that helps glucose (also called blood sugar) enter the body's cells. When glucose can't move into cells, it builds up in the bloodstream instead.
Over time, a high glucose level in the blood can damage the body, increasing the chances for complications such as heart, eye and kidney disease, and nerve damage.
Some people are more at risk for developing type 2 diabetes than others. Higher-risk people include those who:
- Are 45 years or older.
- Are over
- Are sedentary
- Have a family history of diabetes.