By some estimates, about 12 percent of Americans experience migraines. Could you be one of them?
Migraines aren't the same for all people. But that pounding in your head could be a migraine if the pain begins in your forehead, on the side of your head or around your eyes and then gradually gets worse.
Almost any movement, activity, bright lights or loud noise might make your head hurt even more.
More tipoffs: You might feel nauseated and vomit. And as happens for about 1 out of 5 people with migraines, yours might begin with a warning sign called an aura, which may include vision changes—such as flashing lights or zig-zag lines—or tingling in the lips, tongue, lower face or the fingers of one hand.
Doctors still don't know just what happens in the brain to start a migraine. But it is clear that people who experience them are susceptible to certain triggers. Among them:
While there's no cure for migraines, your doctor can tell you about medicines that may stop them from becoming severe. These medicines work best when taken as soon as your headache starts. It may also help to lie down in a dark, quiet room and put a cold cloth over your forehead.
Your doctor may also advise daily medicines—there's a variety of them—to prevent migraines if they happen frequently or are severe.
These steps may also help head off migraines:
Sources: American Academy of Family Physicians; American Migraine Foundation; National Institutes of Health; UpToDate